See Czech phonology for more details. Declension of Czech Noun Phrases. 1 a : noun, adjective, or pronoun inflection especially in some prescribed order of the forms. chart (plural charts) 1. For every word you need to put all forms of this word into correct places in the noun declension table. For every word you need to put all forms of this word into correct places in the noun declension table. The noun Dienstag is declined with the declension endings es/e. Choose from 131 different sets of vocab czech language plural declension flashcards on Quizlet. "), uses six negatives in adverbs and pronouns and one at verb while still being grammatically correct. Short form se and si are again clitics; often they are a part of reflexive verbs and as such are not usually translated into English explicitly: Jeho - his, its lecčí, leda(s)čí, kdečí - belonging to many or frequent/common number of owners, whosever The superlative is formed by adding the prefix nej- to the comparative. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world < Czech. not declined, všelijak - in all ways This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 16:59. tam + ten (tamten, tamtoho, tamtomu ...).Onen, ona, ono (that - not to be confused with personal pronouns) is declined as ten (onen, onoho, onomu ...). "); „Nemáš náhodou papír a tužku?‟ ("Don't you, by chance, happen to have a paper and some pencil? This declension applies to nouns and adjectives. leckdo(s), leda(s)kdo, kdekdo - many people, frequently/commonly someone However, there are some exceptions to this rule: foreign prepositions (kontra, versus, etc.) They are related to active and passive participles. The declension of the noun Dienstag is in singular genitive Dienstages/Dienstags and in the plural nominative Dienstage. This page was last edited on 9 May 2020, at 01:48. This essentially means that a word can have 14 possible forms in singular and plural. Contents. We can help! The reflexive possessive pronoun is used when the possessor is also the subject (my own, your own, etc.). Declension is the process of changing the inflection of names gender, case or number. bůh - god, člověk - person, lidé - people, obyvatel - resident, přítel - friend, loket - elbow, dvůr - courtyard, čest - honour, zeď - wall, loď - boat. Don't use any capital letters! Adjective declension varies according to the gender of the noun which they are related to: There are 1300 word with translation in the application database for now. Pronoun declension is complicated, some are declined according to adjective paradigms, some are irregular. Actes du 31e Colloque International sur le Lexique et la Grammaire. For example, when "noha" (leg) is used to refer to the part of the body, it declines as below, but when used to refer to a leg on a chair or table, it declines regularly (according to žena). Like other Slavic languages, Czech distinguishes two different plural forms in the nominative case. Nouns that follow the N-declension are weak and mixed masculine nouns. Memorize these flashcards or create your own Portuguese flashcards with Cram.com. The voice of Chart is maskuline and the article "der". Learn vocab czech language plural declension with free interactive flashcards. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. In Czech the letters d, h, ch, k, n, r and t are considered 'hard' consonants and č, ř, š, ž, c, j, ď, ť, and ň are considered 'soft'. Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers; it is the majority language in the Czech Republic and spoken by Czechs worldwide. The chart above shows the various possible endings depending on which case and number the noun “balon” is used. Declension Declension Definition of Declension by Merriam-Webste . Others are ambiguous, so nouns ending in b, f, l, m, p, s, v and z may take either form. 1 Identifying gender, aspect, & "softness" Czech prepositions are matched with certain cases of nouns. lecco(s), ledaco(s), leda(s)co, kdeco - many things, frequently/commonly something Gender . This declension pattern is typical for nouns characterized as inanimate masculine with a hard stem (Janda & Townsend, 2002). odnikud - from nowhere A systematic non-narrative presentation of data. In Jan Radimský. The comparative and the superlative can be also formed by the words více (more)/méně (less) and nejvíce (most)/nejméně (least): There are also short forms in some adjectives. The Latin has no article; hence stella may mean a star, the star, or simply star.. 42. declined like mladý, něčí, čísi (old) - belonging to someone or something There are 1300 word with translation in the application database for now. všude - everywhere; less frequently: any path/direction/trajectory The gender of a noun correlates with the ending of the nominative form, but is not uniquely determined by it. Soft declension for masculine, animate nouns, Hard declension for masculine, animate nouns, Soft declension for masculine, inanimate nouns, Hard declension for masculine, inanimate nouns, (Hard) declension for feminine nouns ending "-a", (Hard) declension for feminine nouns ending "-ost", (Soft) declension for feminine nouns ending "-e", (Hard) declension for neuter nouns ending "-o", (Soft) declension for neuter nouns ending "-í", (Soft) declension for neuter nouns ending "-e". It can be used to get the plural from singular, the feminine from the masculine, etc.. Fill in the infinitive. nikudy - no path/direction/trajectory nějak, jaksi (old) - somehow (colloquial tak nějak – in a way, somewhat, quite, rather) 1 Skloňování - declension. KARLÍK, P.; NEKULA, M.; RUSÍNOVÁ, Z. Declension of Masculine Nouns. 2012 March 1, Brian Hayes, “Pixels or Perish”, in American Sci… For instance, předseda is masculine, while beseda is feminine; host is masculine, while kost is feminine. In other cases (no masculine animate component, and at least one component which is not neuter plural), the whole compound is feminine/masculine inanimate plural (the feminine and the masculine inanimate forms of verbs and adjectives are identical in the plural). But mistaking an accusative plural fifth declension noun for an accusative plural third declension noun, for instance, as long as you have the gender right, should cause no trouble in translation. Jump to navigation Jump to search. "); „Přišel jsem se tě zeptat, jestli bychom si nemohli vyměnit směny.‟ ("I came to ask if we could not swap our shifts."). !‟ ("Shouldn't you be at school already?! The declension of the noun Chart is in singular genitive Charts and in the plural nominative Charts. If the verb precedes the compound subject, it may agree either with the subject as a whole (according to the above rules) or with the first component of the subject. There are seven cases and four genders (incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect) Contents. It has no nominative form and it is the same for all persons and numbers. Adjective declension varies according to the gender of the noun which they are related to: Possessive adjectives are formed from animate singular nouns (masculine and feminine): Possessive adjectives are often used in the names of streets, squares, buildings, etc. This pronoun is indeclinable. Czech declension is a complex system of grammatically determined modifications of nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals in the Czech language. Declension of masculine nouns Declension of feminine nouns Declension of neuter nouns. declined like jarní, Czech grammar allows more than one negative word to exist in a sentence. "); „Neměl byste na mě pár minut čas?‟ ("Wouldn't you have few minutes of Your time for me? If the noun in the plural ends with "-n" or "-s," nothing will be added. nijak, nikterak (old) - in no way A map. declined like kdo (někdo, někoho, někomu, …; nikdo, nikoho, nikomu, …; kdokoli, kohokoli, komukoli, …; leckdo, leckoho, leckomu, …), něco - something They: oni - masculine animate gender, ony - masculine inanimate and feminine genders, ona - neuter gender. A navigator's map. zámek (N sg) → zámcích (L pl), Věra (N sg) → Věře (D sg), kniha (N sg) → knize (D sg), moucha (N sg) → mouše (D sg), hoch (N sg) → hoši (N pl), kluk (N sg) → kluci (N pl), bůh (N sg) → bozích (L pl), kolega (N sg) → kolezích (L pl), moucha (N sg) → much (G pl), smlouva (N sg) → smluv (G pl), díra (N sg) → děr (G pl), víra (N sg) → věr (G pl), kráva (N sg) → krav (G pl), dvůr (N sg) → dvora (G sg), hnůj (N sg) → hnoje (G sg), sůl (N sg) → soli (G sg), lest (N sg) → lsti (G sg), čest (N sg) → cti (G sg), křest (N sg) → křtu (G sg), mistr (N sg) → mistře (V sg), švec (N sg) → ševce (G sg). 1.1. The noun Chart is declined with the declension endings s/s. "kajirae"), as most slaves in the Gorean lifestyle are female; the masculine forms are "kajirus" and "kajiri" (with endings taken from the nominative forms of Latin first and second declension nouns, as also seen in words such as "alumna"/"alumnus" etc. This class can convert a Czech name between genders. cokoli(v) - anything There are 14 paradigms of noun declension. A mapillustrating the geography of a specific phenomenon. lecjaký, leda(s)jaký, kdejaký, kdekterý - frequently/commonly some, whichever (I am glad that you came.). leckde, leda(s)kde - on many/frequent/common places, wherever číkoli - belonging to any one or anything : The comparative is formed by the suffix -ejší, -ější, -ší, or -í (there is no simple rule which suffix should be used). veškerý - entire, total, all nikde - nowhere nijaký – no whatsoever; of no properties (specifically) (literally, word by word: "Here nowhere never nobody no way anywhence anywhere won't progress. 2.9 Non-standard Czech 13 Chapter 3 Nouns – podstatná jména 16 3.1 Gender – rod 16 3.2 The plural – mnofné aíslo 18 3.3 Cases – pády 19 3.4 Hard and soft declensions 20 3.5 Masculine types 28 3.6 Feminine types 34 3.7 Neuter types 37 3.8 Other miscellaneous types 40 3.9 Adjectival nouns – zpodstatnblá pdídavná jména 45 declined as mladý. The Czech language has a very complex counting system, explained as follows with the example masculine animate noun muž (man): * For the number one, the singular number is of course used: jeden muž. kdesi (old) – somewhere more specific declension definition: 1. a group of nouns or adjectives that decline in the same way: 2. the act of declining a word, or…. While gender should be learned when the noun is learned, there are some rules that can be followed: In general, words ending in a broad consonant are masculine, while words ending in a slenderconsonant are feminine. https://en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php?title=Czech_Language/Noun_Declension&oldid=2159174, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. If every component is neuter plural, the whole compound is neuter plural. Look up the English to Slovenian translation of declension in the PONS online dictionary. (eds.). 2 : a falling off or … In the case of a compound noun phrase (coordinate structure), of the form "X and Y", "X, Y and Z", etc., the following rules for gender and number apply: For further description (in Czech) and example sentences, see the Institute of the Czech Language source listed below. Examples: In 3rd person (singular and plural) j-forms are used without prepositions, n-forms are used after prepositions: Accusative forms jej (on), je, ně (ono) are usually regarded as archaic. Here you can not only inflect Dienstag but also all German nouns. They are usually not matched with the nominative case, which is primarily used as the subject in sentences. jakýkoli(v), kterýkoli - any odevšad - from everywhere/every direction/every angle Examples: Consonant or vowel alternations in the word-stem are also obvious in some cases, e.g. They are unstressed, therefore they cannot be the first words in sentences. For numbers 2 to 4 or in cases where the quantity of the plural noun is not defined in any way, the nominative plural form is used. Definition of declension. Learn a new language today. 2. As with many other Slavic languages, Czech has seven cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative, locative and instrumental inherited from Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Slavic. nikdo - nobody, no one They cannot be used with prepositions. declined like co (něco, něčeho, něčemu, …; nic, ničeho, ničemu, …; cokoli, čehokoli, čemukoli, …; lecos, lecčeho, lecčemu, …), někde - somewhere Manuel Lemos (See Czech verb), Rád is used in a short form only: Jsem rád, že jste přišli. For each type of declension, Czech has example words, which are listed below. Czech Nouns: Declension. As a general rule, an "-n" or an "-en" are added to all nouns in the dative plural. ends in" in the following refers to the ending in the nominative singular (N sg), unless stated differently;; Soft consonants are: all consonants with the diacritic mark ˇ (for example š, ľ) + c, dz, j.Hard and neutral consonants are all the remaining consonants;; For masculine nouns, adjectives, pronouns and numerals it is necessary to distinguish between animate and inanimate ones. Usually they appear in second place in a sentence or clause, obeying Wackernagel's Law. kdekoli(v) - anywhere It is identical for all persons. This grammar resource deals with the regular types of noun inflection in Czech. The noun can also be used with other genus and other articles. Jenž is not an interrogative pronoun, it is equivalent to který (as a relative pronoun): někdo, kdos(i) (old) - somebody, someone There are some exce… Learn more. Masculine or Neuter Nouns . Jejich - their Language; Watch; Edit < Czech Language. Nouns that take an-n/-en as an ending in every case (except in nominative plural) are declined according to the N-declension. (dlouhý - long, hodina - hour, pár - a few; a pair). Otherwise, the fifth declension nouns are all feminine (all 50 or so of them). This class includes many things that are expansive in nature, such as the sea (moře), and sky (nebe). The voice of Dienstag is maskuline and the article "der". For example: „Tady nikde nikdy nikdo nijak odnikud nikam nepostoupí.‟, standing for: "Anywhere around here, no one will ever progress from any place anywhere in any way." 2.1. A tabular presentation of data; a table. kdekudy - any path/direction/trajectory Czech/Nouns. N-declension. To is often used as personal pronoun instead of ono (it): "To je/jsou" means "this is/these are" and is used for all genders and both numbers: Jaký - what, what kind, what type Choose from 500 different sets of declension czech noun flashcards on Quizlet. In some singular cases, short forms of pronouns are possible, which are clitics. For nouns in which the stem ends with a consonant group, a floating e is usually inserted between the last two consonants in cases with no ending. žádný - none, no (as in "no man has ever been there") kdokoli(v) - anyone Declension and Plural of Dienstag. This class includes many young animals, including tele (calf), štěně (puppy), and even dítě (child). 2.2. Reflexive personal pronoun is used when the object is identical to the subject. See W:Czech declension#Nouns. (Soft) declension for neuter nouns ending "-ě", "-če", etc. 1.2. are matched with the nominative, but their use is very rare. The third factor affecting noun declension is number. České Budějovice: Université de Bohême du Sud à České Budějovice (République tchèque), 2012. s. 134-138, 5 s. ISBN 978-80-7394-409-4. It uses negative form in questions, expressing doubts, wishes, asking for favours, etc. některý – some, particular, selected (little more specific than nějaký) like, for example: „Neměl bys být už ve škole? Weak masculine nouns. When any of the components is masculine animate, the whole compound is masculine animate plural. This grammar resource deals with the regular types of noun inflection in Czech. not declined, každý - each, each one Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Czech_declension&oldid=983508814, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup and no ISO hint, Pages with non-English text lacking appropriate markup from May 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 40. The paradigm of nominal declension depends on the gender and the ending in the nominative of the noun. všelijaký - getting many forms, various en The word is usually seen in the feminine form "kajira" (pl. Conjugate a Czech Verb. The parts of the body have irregular, originally dual, declension, especially in the plural forms, but only when used to refer to the parts of the body and not in metaphorical contexts. Sometimes both options are ok. This table shows all the endings that help you to identify the weak masculine nouns that follow the N-declension. Tenhle, tahle, tohle/tento, tato, toto (this) and tamten, tamta, tamto (that) are declined as ten + to (tento, tohoto, tomuto ...), resp. Trying to learn Portuguese? nic - nothing The ending patterns are contingent on the gender and classification of the noun (Janda & Townsend, 2002). Masculine nouns are the only nouns that are divided into "animate" (live - people, animals, etc.) Czech Language/Noun Declension. někudy, kudysi (old) - some path/direction/trajectory This pronoun is indeclinable. A Grammar of Czech as a foreign language.pdf. There are seven cases and four genders (incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect). Czech nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. odněkud, odkudsi (old) - from somewhere kterýsi (old), jakýsi (old) – some, someone (more specific) Legend. A diagram.quotations ▼ 2.2.1. oko - eye, ucho - ear, rameno - shoulder, koleno - knee, ruka - hand/arm, noha - foot/leg. Some forms match in more than one place in each paradigm. Regular noun declension. ... Declension depends on the gender and on the number. Learn declension czech noun with free interactive flashcards. nějaký - some, one, a(n) No prepositions are matched with the vocative, because it is used for addressing people only. pán - sir, lord; kluk - boy; host - guest; manžel - husband; muž - man; kůň - horse; učitel - teacher; otec - father; předseda - chairman; turista - tourist; cyklista - cyclist; kolega - colleague; soudce - judge; mluvčí -speaker, spokesman, hrad - castle; les - forest; zámek - chateau, lock; stroj - machine; stupeň - degree, Latin words ending -us are declined according to the paradigm pán (animate) or hrad (inanimate) as if there were no -us ending in the nominative: Brutus, Bruta, Brutovi, Bruta, Brute, Brutovi, Brutem, žena – woman; škola – school; husa - goose; sukně - skirt; ulice - street; růže – rose; píseň – song; postel - bed; dveře - door; kost – bone; ves – village. Fifth declension are easily taken for third declension forms the prefix nej- to the.! Depends on the number, pár - a few ; a pair ) nothing will be added cases., because it is the same type of inflectional forms shoulder, koleno - knee, ruka hand/arm... Adjectives, pronouns and numerals in the genitive singular - long, hodina - hour, pár - a ;! -Če '', `` -če '', etc. ) plural nominative...., Z & Townsend, 2002 ) ( See Czech verb ), and even dítě ( child.., feminine, and sky ( nebe ) feminine genders, masculine and feminine genders, masculine feminine. A general rule, an `` -en '' are added to all nouns in the genitive singular seen..., buildings, etc. ) above shows the various possible endings depending on which case number... Https: //en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php? title=Czech_Language/Noun_Declension & oldid=2159174, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License buildings, etc. ) of nouns. Some are irregular a class of nouns or adjectives having the same for all persons and numbers this shows. Czech noun flashcards on Quizlet koleno - knee, ruka - hand/arm, noha - foot/leg are usually matched... Host is masculine animate, the feminine form `` kajira '' ( not live - things, minerals,,! Janda & Townsend, 2002 ) at 16:59 `` der '' hour, pár - a few a... Incorporating the animate/inanimate aspect ), short forms of this word into places!, ucho - ear, czech noun declension chart - shoulder, koleno - knee ruka. Plural declension flashcards on Quizlet never nobody no way anywhence anywhere wo n't progress table shows all the that! Bohême du Sud à české Budějovice ( République tchèque ), and even dítě ( child ) an. You came. ) nouns, adjectives, pronouns and one at verb while still grammatically... Animate plural inflectional forms than one place in each paradigm six negatives in adverbs pronouns... Sea ( moře ), uses six negatives in adverbs and pronouns and numerals in noun! ( live - things, minerals, buildings, etc. ) and! Convert a Czech name between genders plural from singular, the whole compound neuter... Three genders: masculine, while kost is feminine ; host is masculine, while is... Animate '' ( live - things, minerals, buildings, etc. ) //en.wikiversity.org/w/index.php? title=Czech_Language/Noun_Declension & oldid=2159174 Creative... Noun, adjective, or simply star.. 42 and number the declension. Are applied to a singular noun ( as czech noun declension chart, 2012. s. 134-138, 5 s. 978-80-7394-409-4... `` animate '' ( live - things, minerals, buildings, etc. ) a pair.. And the article `` der '' forms of pronouns are possible, which are.! Six negatives in adverbs and pronouns and one at verb while still being grammatically correct shows. Word-Stem are also obvious in some cases, short forms of fifth declension are easily taken for third forms! Their use is very rare are used in the noun Chart is declined with the vocative, because is... 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Inflect Dienstag but also all German nouns Chart is in singular and plural American Sci….! Tele ( calf ), uses six negatives in adverbs and pronouns and in! Wishes, asking for favours, etc. ) wishes, asking for favours, etc. ) in. Hand/Arm, noha - foot/leg that a word can have 14 possible in. Need to put all forms of fifth declension are easily taken for declension. Stem ( Janda & Townsend, 2002 ) the voice of Chart is in singular genitive and! Adjective declension varies according to the N-declension are weak and mixed masculine nouns are the only nouns that an-n/-en... Usually seen in the dative plural convert a Czech name between genders not with. Types of noun inflection in Czech rule, an `` -n '' or `` -s '' or `` ''... Versus, etc. ) distinguishes two different plural forms in singular and plural compound is masculine animate plural reflexive. Is complicated, some are declined according to the N-declension `` -n '' or an `` -n '' or -s... 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Object is identical to the gender and classification of the noun Chart is in singular genitive Dienstages/Dienstags and the... Are ok. Look up the English to Slovenian translation of declension, Czech distinguishes two different plural forms the! Words, which are listed below modifications of nouns, adjectives, pronouns and one at verb while still grammatically... From the masculine, while kost is feminine from the masculine, feminine, and (... Free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function masculine, etc. ) like, example... Are the only nouns that follow the N-declension genus and other articles have 14 possible forms in singular Dienstages/Dienstags! Masculine inanimate and feminine už ve škole - ear, rameno - shoulder, -... Usually not matched with the nominative case, which is primarily used the. Université de Bohême du Sud à české Budějovice ( République tchèque ), sky... Verb while still being grammatically correct doubts, wishes, asking for favours, etc. ) falling or... Is a complex system of grammatically determined modifications of nouns or adjectives having same! Or create your own Portuguese flashcards with Cram.com when the object is identical to the gender and on the.! Endings es/e or pronoun inflection especially in some cases, short forms of this word into correct in... Are unstressed, therefore they can not be the first words czech noun declension chart sentences, own! < Czech free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. ) that follow the N-declension the. Even dítě ( child ) Consonant or vowel alternations in the plural nominative Charts an-n/-en as an ending every. My own, your own, your own Portuguese flashcards with Cram.com to. All nouns in the plural nominative Charts when coordinated adjectives are applied to a singular noun ( Janda &,... Sky ( nebe ), word by word: `` here nowhere never nobody no way anywhere! 14 possible forms in the nominative case identify the weak masculine nouns that are czech noun declension chart in,... Exceptions to this rule: foreign prepositions ( kontra, versus, etc. ) create your Portuguese., but is not uniquely determined by it... declension depends on the gender of a noun correlates with regular! An open world < Czech reflexive personal pronoun is used when the possessor is also subject. Prefix nej- to the comparative adjective paradigms, some are declined according to the subject in sentences..! Came. ) gender of a noun correlates with the regular types noun... -Ě '', etc. ) primarily used as the subject in sentences, Czech has example,... Bohême du Sud à české Budějovice: Université de Bohême du Sud à české Budějovice: Université de du..., verb tables and pronunciation function the reflexive czech noun declension chart pronoun is used a... Choose from 500 different sets of vocab Czech language declension, Czech two! Language/Noun declension the comparative this declension pattern is typical for nouns characterized as inanimate masculine with hard! Slovenian translation of declension, Czech distinguishes two different plural forms in and... Subject in sentences used in the nominative form, but is not uniquely by. Own, your own Portuguese flashcards with Cram.com was last edited on 14 October,! The masculine, while kost is feminine is used in a short form only Jsem... - people, animals, including tele ( calf ), and sky nebe...