Impression Material Basics John O. Burgess, DDS, MS. Elastomeric impression materials are used in a variety of dental procedures, and improved delivery systems and materials with better properties have made the impression technique more predictable (Figure 1). Alginate Impression Material: Lead-Free, Polysulfide Impression Material : Fast Set, VPS Impression Material: EXA’lence™ EXAMIX™ NDS: FIT CHECKER™ ADVANCED & FIT CHECKER™ ADVANCED BLUE: VPES Impression Material: VPS Impression Material: VPES Materials for Checking Fit & Occlusal Contact Shelf life – 2 yrs. w 1955 Pearson reported on polysulfide base materials for use as an impression for inlays, crowns &FPD’s. material contracts. Lead dioxide (polysulfide) is toxic, but following the manufacturer’s instruction will decrease this risk 2. Less distortion on removal. Classification by physical condition after setting. Permlastic is a polysulfide, condensation-cured, elastomeric impression material in three viscosities. Adhesive properties of several impression material systems: Part II. . VPS impression materials are better able to handle the stretching and compressive forces that impressions are subject to during this step, with evidence showing them to exhibit better elastic recovery than other elastomers, as well as less permanent deformation . Other properties are added to make it suitable to use as an impression material. Planets 31 In taking an impression with polysulfide or silicone materials, if the heavy bodied tray material begins to set before seating, the resultant die will be overall smaller. The molding material is supplied in two tubes, one containing the base paste and the other a catalyzer. Permlastic is a rubber base (polysulfide, condensation-cured, elastomeric) impression material available in three viscosities. An impression with a sufficiently high elastic limit should not sustain permanent deformation. While usually used in single-mix, it can be used with Light-Bodied Permlastic for crown and bridge impressions. In more than 25 years of clinical practice, COE-FLEX has offered consistently detailed and precise impressions. Introduction Permlastic® is a polysulfide-based impression material for complete and partial dentures, inlays, onlays, crowns and fixed partial and/or removable dentures. – It has the same setting reacti on and properties as the gypsum products that are us ed for models and casts. During deformation the materials demon- Viscoelastic properties of impression materials 125 of the material; for example material E is much nearer to perfect elasticity than material A although the latter is more flexible. When water is lost. Comparative PropertiesComparative Properties of Elastomeric Impressionof Elastomeric Impression MaterialsMaterials 24. Regular Permlastic is recommended for partial- or full denture impressions because it has a high degree of flow that will register the finest detail. GC Flexceed is an affordable vinyl polysiloxane dental impression material which accurately replicates the highest level of detail. The creep compliance curves, recovery, and per-cent set were calculated. The compound first gained a formal commercial identity in 1929 when it was given the trade name Thiokol which has since become a generic standard for polysulfides. 1983 Feb;(484):41-59. The use of custom trays for polyether and addition silicone impressions is not critical, since these materials are stiffer and have less polymerization shrinkage than the polysulfide material. ), easy use, clean up, good taste/smell, flexible enough to remove, radiopaque, adheres to tray, 2-3 year shelf life, tear resistant, compatible with cast/die material, color contrast between light and heavy body, not to expensive. The viscoelastic properties of nine silicone-, polysulfide-, and polyether-based impression materials were determined using creep tests. Pleasant odor & no staining. These materials have demonstrated good accuracy in clinical evaluations and are thixotropic, which provides good surface detail and makes them useful as a border molding material. Planets 31 In taking an impression with polysulfide or silicone materials, if the heavy bodied tray material begins to set before seating, the resultant die will be overall smaller. This is especially true for polysulfide impression material. Polysulfide impression material was the first non-aqueous elastomeric “rubber” ... Properties of Polysulfide Impression Materials - Unpleasant odor and color. Dental polysulfide rubber impression materials are polymerized with the following initiator: lead peroxide. w 1950 Elastomeric impression materials were introduced. Materials investigated included a polyether impression material, a polysulfide material (light, regular and heavy consistencies) and an addition-reaction silicone material (light, … Viscoelastic Properties of Silicone, Polysulfide, and Polyether Impression Materials A. JON GOLDBERG Department of Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104, USA The viscoelastic properties of nine silicone-, polysulfide-, and polyether-based impression materials were determined using creep tests. w 1938 mucostatics PASCAL's law –tissue under a mucostatic impressions theory developed. Polyether impression material is an elastic-type material, as are the polysulfide and silicone materials. ... Issues regarding patient satisfaction in polysulfide impression materials. Biological properties: 1. The effect of saliva contamination on the tensile adhesive bond strengths of four impression adhesive systems, (1) polysulfide, (2) polyether, (3) polyvinylsiloxane, and (4) condensation silicone impression adhesive, was studied. The dimensional changes of the impression materials may affect the quality of fit and retention of dental prostheses, which influence the success of indirect restorative pro-cedures 4,6-10. Keywords: Permlastic®, impression materials, polysulfides, lead 1. Alcohol by-product (cond. Resists rigorous thermal cycling. Polysulfide was first identified in 1926 by American chemist Joseph C. Patrick. 1. Specialized grades of polysulfide rubber are used as impression materials in the field of dental technology. Low accuracy C. Least permanent deformation D. Highest curing shrinkage # Disadvantage of polysulfide as an impression material : A. Dental polysulfide rubber impression materials are polymerized with the following initiator: lead peroxide. Silicone) is irritant to oral soft tissues 3. 229920001021 Polysulfide Polymers 0.000 title description 23 150000008117 polysulfides Polymers 0.000 title description 23 Liquid polysulfide, dimethyl sulfoxide and zinc oxide containing dental impression material Sitffer & harder than polysulfide material. Disadvantages: Adequate accuracy if poured immediately. The dimensional behaviour of impression material is influenced by humidity, the time interval from mixing to pouring, and the thickness of the layer of mate- I. Inelastic impression material 1. An impression material sustains some deformation as it is removed from the mouth but it must rebound to its pre- removal dimensions. SUMMARY: Impression materials used in the various phases of denture construction may be classified as being rigid, thermoplastic, ... elastic properties of polysulfide facilitate impression making in sulcular areas and pinholes. Planets 31 Polysulfide impression materials of nonaqueous elastomeric impression materials over time and on exposure to various environmental conditions. The creep compliance curves, recovery, and percent set were calculated. Planets 31 Polysulfide impression materials Two part, room temperature curing polysulfide paste. [Addition-type silicone rubber impression materials--properties and effective use]. biocompatibility viscosity/flow wettability curing taste dimensional stability. # Polysulfide material is routinely not recommended because of : A. - It stains linen and is messy to work with. Nihon Shika Hyoron. – However, impression pl aster is still sold. w 1940 Alginate impression material used first time for corrective wash procedures. Forgiving one to one mix ratio by weight or volume. [Article in Japanese] Nonaqueous Impression Materials Polysulfide – Mixing Techniques •Process: •Mix time 60 seconds, working time 3 minutes, leave in mouth 5-8 minute •Have both viscosities ready •Mix and load syringe hand to doctor •Mix and load tray hand to doctor •Clean up: orange solvent When using this product equal amounts of each paste should be squeezed onto a pad and mixed with a spatula. During deformation the materials demon-strated linear viscoelastic behavior. Excellent for bonding and sealing in fuel and oil environments. A new impression material that combines the properties of polyether and PVS, vinyl siloxanether or vinyl polyether siloxane, was introduced in the … Regular Permlastic is recommended for partial- or full denture impressions because it has a high degree of flow that will register the finest detail. During deformation the materials demonstrated linear viscoelastic behavior. Superior electrical insulation properties… COE-FLEX is a lead-free, all-purpose rubber base impression material for inlays, crowns, bridges, full and partial dentures, rebasing and relining. Important properties of impression materials. desirable impression properties safe, fast (3-5 min. High cost B. materials leaching out C. Stretching leads to distortion D. Difficulty in cast pouring While usually used in single-mix, it can be used with Light-Bodied Permlastic for crown and bridge impressions. Service operating temperature range from -80°F to +250°F. Impression materials are used to obtain an accurate replica of hard and soft oral tissues. It comes in two tubes: one containing a white zinc oxide mixture and the other containing a red eugenol mixture. It is also apparent from Figs 2 and 3 that some materials such as the polysulphides objectionable odor slow setting. Advantages: Adequate working & setting timer. VPS materials offer several advantages to the clinician compared to impression materials with different chemistry (eg, polysulfide, polyether, agar, alginate, etc). An elastic final dental impression used to construct restorations, prosthetics, and appliances, which is made from a paste composed of polysulfide polymer, filler, sulfur, plasticizer, and an accelerator paste containing lead dioxide (which causes it to turn dark-brown). The viscoelastic properties of nine silicone-, polysulfide-, and polyether-based impression materials were determined using creep tests. Unpleasant odor and taste B. Adequate tear strength; Better elastic properties on removal. In addition, disposable stock trays (Figure 8 … This article will introduce, describe, and demonstrate the advantages and use of a VPS impression material that I … Hydrophobic; Can be electroplated with silver & copper. Plaster – Plaster would seem to be an unlikely impression material. 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